DETECTION OF PROGNOSTIC SIGNS OF DISORDERS OF ADAPTATION AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EARLY SIGNS OF DISADAPTATION.
In clinical medical psychology, the issue of diagnosing early signs of impaired school adaptation of children in a secondary school remains relevant. The purpose of the study: to identify reliable prognostic signs of violations of school adaptation in children and adolescents of school age, as well as to determine the age-related features of the structure formation of personality characteristics with early signs of impaired school adaptation. We conducted a study involving children and adolescents aged 9-15 years (n = 390), students of a public school living and studying in Andijan. To study the clinical and psychological characteristics, we used: upbringing of the child in the family, the peculiarities of his mental development; analysis of school characteristics of children; R. Cattell's multifactorial personality questionnaire to analyze the structure of children's personality; method of studying frustration reactions S. Rosenzweig. Conclusions. Thus, the formation of integrated behavior and PA in children aged 9–11 years is influenced by exogenous factors that reflect the affective sphere (factors A, D) and the sensitivity of the autonomic nervous system to threat (H). With age, the ability to adapt in adolescents aged 12-15 is most pronouncedly influenced by the level of behavioral regulation and the degree of awareness of social requirements - orientation towards social approval and group opinion.
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